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Timeless Musings

Honesty was Never Cheap

If you are an entrepreneur, investor or a hiring manager never overlook the attribute of honesty and integrity, you might bump into folks with less intellect or someone who needs the push they all will fit in jigsaw but the kind of damage a person who has a flawed character can inflict can’t even be compared with innocent dumb idiots.

Any business revolves around fundamentals of trust and transparency and if one imbibes them in the core DNA you become a difficult force to beat or be dislodged.

So what transpires that selfish gene to trigger a dishonest act? If we study in-depth it almost always has to do with that sin of greed and want for more. One must never underestimate the power of incentives it can make the world spin in a direction you have never thought.

I have seen a lot many money managers for higher commissions designed either flawed products or sell high commission products at the wrong time. For instance, if a wealth manager sells a high concentration mid and small-cap oriented equity portfolio at the peak of valuations either he is ignorant or blinded by commissions and sales targets.

In financial services having sales-target is criminal as fundamentally it creates biases in minds of the relationship professionals towards revenue and not customers’ financial well being.

This phenomenon is global and you will find it in all aspects of life. The incentive reward systems just narrow the vision and make it myopic and people don’t see beyond a quarter or max current financial year.

This is a reason why a lot of professionally run organizations don’t create that degree of value where entrepreneurs have been pioneers and visionary and tend to fail as well as innovate more.

Opinion, Timeless Musings

Gold Rush

One big question on everyone’s mind is should I go for Gold now? Has it run up too much? While everyone seeks for an answer we should ponder on the following thoughts:-

1)Historically during turbulent times when taps of money open how did the yellow metal perform?

2) Is the recession time to dig gold?

3)What dictates Gold prices Globally?

4)How does this commodity behave Vs other avenues?

5)Should we look at gold from a long term perspective what are various views?

The History of Gold:-

If we go back to the date when they started keeping records gold has always fascinated mankind whether it be stories narrated to kids or legends of lost treasure to the sea chased by voyager and pirates or the ultimate Gold Rush days when folks turned miners gave their lives for that elusive find which would catapult them to fame fortune and glory.    

If we look at the chart below we see how has the gold bullion performed Vs other asset classes like Treasury bills and cash.

YTD performance of Gold Vs other asset classes

We went 40 plus years back in time to see how does it has behaved over the years. We realized that whenever there was either period of high/hyperinflation or war-like situations have led to surge in Gold prices and during periods of economic stability the yellow metal also loses it sheen.

Historic performance of Gold

Is the recession time to dig gold?

The late ’70s saw a massive spurt in the demand on account of geopolitical tensions like the Russian invasion of Afghanistan, the political instability of Iran also accompanied by a period in the United States which had seen inflation rising to 13%. This was the classic stagflation era( Inflation accompanied by subdued growth). Mid 80’s was the era when we saw the emergence of the Uber class wall street bankers who made it big by leveraged buyouts and corporate raids and firms like KKR made it big in these times sadly this period ended with a burst of a bubble and again Gold shined then. We saw another rally post 9/11 and internet boom which lasted for a good part of a decade. Again now we see a spurt in prices.

So when Should we buy gold?

Simple question simple answer when the big guns chase it.

It’s interesting to note all the periods in which Gold did well either there were high inflation times or periods in which money taps opened by central banks( adoption of a loose monetary policy ), surprisingly central banks also tend to become buyers of the bullion. That can be considered as a loose indicator when to buy Gold.

A very interesting trend is that the Russians and the Chinese have been adding gold.  Historically the COVID hit nations of Germany and Italy have few of the highest Gold to Forex reserves.

Chinese and the Russians have been rushing for Gold

The above stat shows the European economies have believed a lot in Gold 

What is driving the prices and what are the trends?

 The data below clearly shows that the real or physical demand for Gold is on fall, maybe it has many reasons, mostly lockdowns across the globe can also be a cause. But the overall trend of paper gold as an investment avenue is on the rise. 

What do top investors think:-

Warren Buffet & Charlie Munger:-  The commodity doesn’t produce any rent, dividend, interest, or cash flows, it can just sit pretty neither does it grow in size on its own. Hence it may not be a prudent investment that they like.

Ray Dalio:-  Ever since the Breton wood system was abolished and we could print as many dollar bills and money became insanely cheap where almost 15plus trillion dollars of debt is in negative interest rate regime, gold is a better proxy to cash and should be held during uncertain times.

What should a rational investor do?

It is always advisable to have 5-10% exposure to the yellow metal as a part of asset allocation, just on grounds, it has a negative correlation to equities and can help portfolios hold ground in uncertain times.

Sources and references:-

1. https://www.rbi.org.in/home.aspx ( Reserve Bank of India)

2. https://www.gold.org/ ( World Gold Council)

Timeless Musings

The Art of Not Selling

1. How does a Human mind think and perceive any situation?

2. How do legendary investors like Warren Buffet and Charlie Munger approach an investment once they own it?

3. What is an ideal time horizon to hold on to an investment?

Human minds thought process:-

Evolution has biologically wired us to act and thinking short term span of attention of the human mind is very less, getting distracted is human nature and if psychologically these are the building blocks of our mental makeup in the mundane things in life, then we are prone to the same problems when it comes to long term commitments like investing.

We live in today’s modern society where instant gratification is a must, so whether it be fast food, likes on social media, instant success is what we seek. The strong burning desire to flip makes it a counterproductive proposition is something we don’t appreciate nor understand.

If a path is not working for some time we instead of giving it time we seek recourse whether it be work, relationships, or life in general. The same very concepts apply to your financial investments as well.

Legendary style of investing and subtle Art of not selling:-

No, I am not claiming sit and not look at your portfolio, study it like a hawk track it to the core, get into the depth of companies, their management, earnings, prospects, do a deep study. But after a business does well and especially you make decent money, don’t be in a hurry to sell. Warren Buffet always says this, buying a business is making a decision, so is selling one should make the least number of decisions. He gives a beautiful analogy of a punch card, supposes a punch card has only 20 punches and each punch means buying a stock, you can buy only 20 punches in a lifetime. If you have this perspective you shall be careful both getting in and out and that helps you compound.

So when should one sell a million-dollar question most of my customers complain about no advisor giving exit calls. Exit makes sense if you feel the business has reached a point where it has little or no scope of growth or the business might be disrupted/become obsolete.

At a cost of sounding like a broken record, I would like to reiterate the same clich├ęd words of Albert Einstein, compounding is the eighth wonder of the world”. But we don’t let it completely compound, with a fear of a prospective correction or overheating we well else we most of the time prematurely exit.

Ideal Time Horizon for Investing- Forever :-

Warren Buffet said, “One of our best holding period is forever”. Now as good as it may sound reading this you may be smirking a bit, saying works on paper and for investors like him. 

I won’t totally deny that but buying quality is absolutely imperative and it comes at a cost, Charlie Munger partner in crime of Warren Buffet at Berkshire Hathaway and a major influence on his life inspired him to think in these lines  It’s far better to buy a wonderful company at a fair price than a fair company at a wonderful price” 

Charlie Munger calls this style of Investing as Sitting on Ass Investing, sounds easy but most difficult to implement. As long as you know the business you got into will not go out of business you should not mind sitting sipping lemonade and watch your favorite Sport and let your investments compound.